Most birds do not recycle their nests; they manage to build a new one each year using different materials according to their needs. Twigs, moss, lichens, kapok, fibers, hair and even spider webs to tie their nests. Some species nest in tree holes, but are unable to make it by themselves, so they find them naturally or get help from other birds. At Playa Cativo´s Protected Rainforest Reserve, woodpeckers build nests that can be used by more than 25 other bird’s species.
Another very interesting fact is that birds in Costa Rica, with few exceptions, do not have a breeding plumage and keep their color throughout the year. This is why our birds are so beautiful, flamboyant and colorful all year round.
This increases the number of observations of species and their behaviors (nesting, courtship, predation of eggs and chicks, defense of the territory, family groups, etc.) for bird watchers and birding enthusiasts. Migratory birds begin preparing for their return trip to breeding areas in late March and leave in early April.
On the other hand, with water birds it is different, pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis), which are the most abundant birds in the Golfo Dulce area, have reproductive behavior that is correlated with oceanographic conditions: low temperatures (from the rainy season) increase the concentration of certain nutrients (such as nitrates and phosphates) that are related to the abundance of plankton, the food source of fish that pelicans eat. It is very common to see large colonies (with around 100 individuals) between Punta Covachas and Punta Gallardo during June and July. For these months’ brown-footed boobies (Sula leucogaster) are also seen in greater numbers.
Playa Cativo is located within the most biologically intense region of the planet, definitely a birds & wildlife secluded paradise, don’t miss it!